CP26 - Manpower and Force Management

Appendix A: Nine Functional Areas within Manpower and Force Management

General Manpower Management. Analysts plan, direct, manage and/or coordinate manpower management and workforce planning activities which integrate manpower, civilian and military personnel and financial management systems; allocate manpower resources based on command priorities, historical utilization data and analysis of mission and functions; document units in The Army Authorization Documents System (TAADS); analyze and implement mission assignment and organizational structure; determine manpower requirements through the conduct of manpower studies application of staffing standards and staffing guides; plan and implement unit activations, inactivations, conversion and reorganization; and evaluate manpower utilization data from military and civilian reporting systems using qualitative and quantitative analysis techniques.

Manpower Reporting and Force Management/Manpower Allocation. Analysts develop strategy for allocating limited manpower resources based on command priorities, historical utilization data, and analysis of mission and functions. Analysts should have a thorough knowledge of the Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Execution (PPBE) documents or systems, the Structure and Manpower Allocation System (SAMAS), command plan, and The Army Authorization Documents System (TAADS) for use in distributing and tracking approved allocations by budget program and organization. Analysts also work extensively with military and civilian personnel reporting systems for use in tracking utilization.

Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Execution (PPBE). Analysts plan, direct, manage and/or coordinate manpower management activities necessary to structure and resource the Army's force program within the guidance and constraints of Congress, the Office of the Secretary of Defense, and Headquarters Department of the Army (HQDA). These analysts use qualitative and quantitative analysis techniques to inform decision makers.

Organization, Mission and Function. Analysts direct, plan, review, analyze and implement the management processes of mission assignment, mission documentation, mission analysis, mission policy and functions required to execute the missions of assigned organizations. Analysts in this functional area also direct, plan and analyze organizational structure and reorganizational proposals to ensure organizational alignments, as officially documented, are properly related to the approved mission and functional elements.

Force Structure. Analysts develop and manage the Army Force Structure. Responsibilities include developing policies for operating Tables of Organization and Equipment (TOE), Basis of Issue Plans (BOIP), The Army Authorization Documents System (TAADS), Force Accounting System (FAS) and force development information systems, and conducting Total Army Analysis (TAA). Analysts also program and manage activations, inactivations, conversions, reorganizations of units, maintaining and validating force data for programmed and actual units, and provide force structure information to major Army commands, agencies, HQDA staff, DoD, and Congress. Maintain proper interface with other systems (Manpower Requirements Criteria, Structure and Composition System (SACS), Total Army Equipment Distribution Plan (TAEDP), budget, readiness and training).

Combat Developments. Analysts plan, direct, manage and coordinate the formulation and development of doctrine, organizations and materiel requirements in all environments. The U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) is the Army's principal combat developer although all elements are involved to some degree, and certain Army elements (for example, U.S. Army Medical Command (MEDCOM), U.S. Army Materiel Command (AMC), and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE)) are all charged with specific combat development missions. The Army Deputy Chief of Staff, G-3 guides coordinates and monitors the efforts of combat developers to ensure that their activities are properly integrated into planned force development.

Manpower Requirements Determination. Analysts plan, coordinate, direct, and conduct manpower studies and develop manpower models to determine minimum required staffing to accomplish approved missions and taskings. Analysts sample and verify workload; review structures by organization and by position; identify duplicate functions and ensure standardization where appropriate. Using proven industrial engineering techniques, statistical/quantitative analysis methods, and other approved methods, analysts develop study plans, conduct function reviews, perform workload measurements, analyze measure data, and compute manpower requirements. Analysts apply staffing standards, follow and apply staffing guides and other products of the requirements determination process in designing organizations capable of mission accomplishments.

Equipment Management. Analysts plan, direct, manage, coordinate, initiate, analyze, evaluate, approve, disapprove, or make recommendations on equipment requirements and authorizations in Tables of Organization and Equipment (TOE), Modification of Tables of Organization and Equipment (MTOE), Tables of Distribution and Allowances (TDA), TDA Section III Supplemental Items and Common Tables of Allowances (CTW) documents to include accomplishing such actions as DA-controlled equipment letter requests; type classification exemptions; CTAs; change requests; equipment requirements, authorizations and utilization policy determinations; Line Item Number (LIN) assignment requirements and equipment surveys. Equipment analysts review TOE/MTOE/TDA equipment and personnel requirements/authorizations to ensure adequate personnel with correct skills and grades are available to operate and maintain equipment. They review equipment requirements and authorization documents for compliance with HQDA policies and ensure effective equipment utilization management.

The Army Authorization Documents System (TAADS). Analysts plan, direct, manage, coordinate and construct Army authorization documents. TAADS is an automated system that supports the development and documentation of organizational structures. It also supports requirements for and authorizations of personnel and equipment needed to accomplish the assigned missions of Army units. Modified Tables of Organization and Equipment (MTOE) and Tables of Distribution and Allowances (TDA) are products of TAADS and they state each unit's approved requirements and authorizations. They are the basis and authority for requisitioning manpower and equipment. The final approval and control of documents is centralized at HQDA.

Back to the Table of Contents | To Appendix B