CHAPTER 5 PHYSICAL SECURITY AND LAW ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES SELF-DEVELOPMENT Self-development is a voluntary effort initiated and conducted by the employee throughout his/her career, but may be recommended by the supervisor. (1) Employees are encouraged to undertake self-development projects to improve their overall knowledge and understanding of their specific career area, increase their competence in various specializations, and strengthen their knowledge, skills, abilities, or personal characteristics identified as requiring development during the career appraisal or other counseling sessions. The ACTEDS plan can be used as a guide for planning these activities. (2) Active participation in self-development activities (seminars, college courses, correspondence courses, etc.) adds breadth and depth to expertise and may be given consideration in the selection process for filling positions. (3) To maintain professional currency careerists are encouraged to engage in formal academic education. Taking job-related courses or pursuing a Bachelor's or advanced degree in a relevant field of study after hours is an important means of acquiring, and/or enhancing, job relevant knowledges and/or competencies. (4) When any self-development activity at an institution charging tuition is planned to improve and employee's current performance, local managers should determine, in advance, what percentage of available financial assistance is appropriate, in accordance with local and DA policy.