An employee may be eligible, following release from a competitive
level, to be assigned to a position occupied by another
employee. Assignment rights, called
bump and retreat, constitute the second round of competition
when employees compete for jobs in other competitive levels.
Bumping: is an employee's right of assignment to a position
occupied by another employee in a lower tenure group, or in a
lower tenure subgroup within the same tenure group, in another
competitive level in the same competitive area.
Retreating: is an employee's right of assignment to a
position formerly held, or essentially identical to one
previously held, when the position is occupied by a lower-standing
employee in the same tenure subgroup, and is in
another competitive level in the same competitive area.
The Office of Personnel Management has published two handbooks which provide an in depth discussion of all aspects of the reduction in force and transfer of function process. One handbook provides Guidance, and the other describes Required Procedures. For definitive guidance on any aspect of reduction in force, see the OPM Handbooks.