A competitive area, for reduction-in-force purposes, is an organizational entity in which employees compete with each other to determine who will retain his/her position, who will be separated, or who will be offered another position. A competitive area usually includes all the civilian positions that come under the control of an Army Commander/Activity head within a local commuting area. However, if a command is geographically dispersed, the competitive area may extend beyond the commuting area. Also, more than one competitive area may exist within the commuting area.
The Office of Personnel Management has published two handbooks which provide an in depth discussion of all aspects of the reduction in force and transfer of function process. One handbook provides Guidance, and the other describes Required Procedures. For definitive guidance on any aspect of reduction in force, see the OPM Handbooks.