In 1990, the Office of Personnel Management implemented the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act (FEPCA) which was designed to enable Government to recruit, motivate, and retain a qualified, respresentative workforce, and respond effectively to divergent and dynamic labor markets. It applies primarily to employees in the General Schedule.
FEPCA provided the added authority to:
1. Offer recruitment and relocation incentives, and retention incentives in order to attract or retain especially high-quality individuals. These incentives are not considered a part of an employee's base pay.
2. Hire above the minimum rate for all grades.
3. Waive dual compensation restrictions on reemployed civilian and military retirees.
4. Set special pay rates 30% above step 10 of the grade.
5. Establish "time off" as an incentive award.
6. Remove the requirement to compute overtime pay both under title 5, United States Code and the Fair Labor Standards Act.